Tick-borne Encephalitis - American Medical Centers (Almaty)

Tick-borne Encephalitis

It’s summertime, which means outdoor play, hiking, gardening — and tick bites.

Tick-borne Encephalitis occurs in parts of Europe, Central Asia, and East Asia. Travelers involved in outdoor activities in forested areas are at risk, including campers, hikers, and hunters. Brushing against vegetation or walking in city parks known to have infected ticks can also put a person at risk.

Transmission season is typically from March to November.

It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ticks.

How to avoid tick bites

To reduce the risk of being bitten:

  • cover your skin while walking outdoors and tuck your trousers into your socks
  • use insect repellent on your clothes and skin – products containing DEET are best
  • If available, apply a permethrin spray or solution to clothing and gear.
  • stick to paths whenever possible
  • wear light-coloured clothing so ticks are easier to spot and brush off
  • When hiking in wooded areas, stay in the middle of the trail and avoid tall grasses and shrubs.
  • Use a tarp when sitting on the ground.


Tick bites aren’t always painful. You may not notice a tick unless you see it on your skin.

Always check your skin and hair after being outdoors.

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